In the 70's won the turbo engine with the introduction a high popularity of the turbocharger in Formula 1. After all, could the engine power increase to ~ 1500 hp, which is triple the current output corresponded. The seventies were also the start of series production for turbocharged gasoline engines in Europe. Indeed, BMW is the first manufacturer in Germany who brought 1973 the "2002 turbo" on the market. High engine power, but high fuel consumption coupled with a low reliability brought this era of fast.
Driven by the oil crisis in 1973, the commercial use of turbochargers for diesel engines enforced. Initial investment costs for supercharged engines could now pay off through fuel saving. As the end of the 80s, the pollutant legislation has been tightened, the same trend. Today, almost every commercial engine is turbocharged.